Guided Reading Levels (GRL) GRL is also known as F&P or Fountas & Pinnell. This refers to the two educators who first came up with this leveling system to support their “Guided Reading“ method for emergent readers and “Reading Recovery” method for struggling beginner readers.
GRL looks at a combination of content and text to level books and gives them a letter of the alphabet that corresponds to a certain proficiency in reading. It focuses on grades K-8.
Levels: Alphabetical from A to Z, with A for early readers and Z for advanced ones.
Correspondence with Grade Levels: Multiple GRL levels may align with each grade, providing precise classifications.
Criteria: Determined by factors like word repetition, sentence length, total word count, complexity, illustrations, and high-frequency words.
Developmental Reading Assessment (DRA)
Levels: Numbered 1 to 80, assessing fluency, accuracy, and comprehension.
Correspondence with Grade Levels: Different DRA levels within each grade.
Assessment Areas: Focus on reading fluency, accuracy, and comprehension.
About the Lexile Framework This leveling system looks at the text difficulty, like word frequency and sentence length.
Measures: Student’s Lexile reading measure and book levels.
Student Measurement: Falls between BR (below 0L) for beginners to above 2000L for advanced readers.
Correspondence with Grade Levels: Paired with age-appropriate books for advanced readers.
Assessment: Determined from a standardized test assessing reading comprehension.
The results are shown in three to four digit number and prefixes.
About ATOS for Books/AR (Accelerated Reader) With ATOS level given is a number and refers to a grade. This leveling system is also referred to as (ATOS) Advantage TASA Open Standard (TASA is a reading management software).
Levels: Numeric scale corresponding with expected grade levels.
Correspondence with Grade Levels: For example, a second-grader might have an AR level of 2.4.
Assessment: Determined through a computerized test after reading, focusing on comprehension.